I. Establishing the French Neoclassic Ideal
XIII was 13 years old when he came to the throne. Cardinal Richelieu held the real power. France held national prestige through
culture and the arts and the French Academy reigned and declared the "right" cultural ideals.
El Cid was presented at Theatre du Marais. Montdory played Rodrigue.
Scudery's Observations claims that it violated
of the well-made play.
and acadmicians condemned the play.
Corneille was so
ostracized by the theatrical community and the public (Scudery's doings) that he composed an apologetic letter for having
written El Cid. This negative reaction and the effect on the playwright showed the power of the press and society
to affect a playwright's artisitic sensibilities.
III. Louis XIV
A. five years old when he assumes the throne in 1643
B. Cardinal Mazarin has real power
C. Entertainments identify France with person of the King
D. Racine, Neoclassic tragedy
IV. Neoclassic Doctrine
A. verisimilitude—must be true to life
B. morality, decorum—must be moral, must display decorum
C. universality—must have universal appeal
D. to teach and to please