To Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), man, in a state of nature, acts for himself against all others and only the social contract
of forming government keeps peace. Left to themselves, he believed people would act on their evil impulses.
Hobbes' most famous work is Leviathan (the Great Whale) in which he argues that people were naturally wicked and could
not be trusted to govern (anti-democracy) and that an authoritarian ruler was necessary.